Fire protection in society
The topic of fire protection is becoming increasingly important in our society. The model building code states in paragraph 14:
"Building structures are to be arranged, erected, modified and maintained in such a way that the development of a fire and the spread of fire and smoke is prevented and, in the event of a fire, the rescue of people and animals as well as effective extinguishing work is ensured".
What has been briefly and succinctly summarised in one sentence here, however, is much more complex in practice. A multitude of standards, rules and regulations must be taken into account. The federalism lived in this country also ensures that each federal state has its own, sometimes decisive, differences. In addition to structural and design specifications, the technical and organisational specifications and, last but not least, the fire-fighting measures required in the event of a fire and their interactions must be evaluated and ultimately harmonised.
Fire protection in existing buildings
When dealing with existing buildings, the question regularly arises as to the extent to which protection can be claimed for them. However, the regulations clearly state that protection of existing buildings can only be claimed in very specific cases: On the one hand, the building, or the part of the building under consideration, must have complied with the legal provisions applicable at the time of its construction. On the other hand, it must also be in the approved condition. This means that there must be no significant alterations or changes in use. In reality, however, such non-coordinated and approved conversions and changes of use are frequently occurring. It is therefore necessary to assess from which point on these are "authoritative" and require a conceptual adjustment. This often leads to controversial discussions between building owners, users and the authorising authority. This makes the fire protection planner all the more important as a mediator and for the development and explanation of proposed solutions. For example, compensation measures including an analysis of the protection goals can also be used, which is often very complex and no less cost-intensive than a complete adaptation to current law in favour of an individual solution.
Our scope of services:
With our team and our experience, we are pleased to assist you with all questions concerning fire protection! The following portfolio gives you a small overview of our services, which we can offer you nationwide:
- Fire protection planning, preparation of fire protection concepts and proofs
Our engineers support you in the implementation of your project from the first thought to the acceptance of the construction work. In close cooperation with you we create a specific and object-related fire protection concept, in which in particular your individual ideas and wishes are taken into account. In doing so, we do not hesitate to look "beyond the end of our nose" and to achieve simplifications or deviations from the often rigid legal regulations. With our competent team of designers, we implement your ideas in drawings. During the constructional implementation we support you in all questions concerning fire protection and supervise the professional implementation on site.
- Individual consultation and preparation of fire protection-related statements
Do you have specific questions about the implementation of a project or other clarification needs regarding fire protection?
We are pleased to help and provide you with advice!
- Local inventory and evaluation of the fire protection quality - target/actual comparison
We have our own hand-picked team of building material inspectors and craftsmen, with whom we operate on site and can react flexibly and quickly according to local findings. Our services here range from non-destructive measuring methods, e.g. for measuring the concrete cover, to low-destructive methods, such as endoscopy through small drillings, to destructive examinations, such as the creation of component openings, the removal of drill cores of various lengths and diameters. Here we always try with a sense of proportion to make the least possible intervention in your building structure.
- Heat measurement
Another way of verifying the fire protection quality of a component is the heat measurement. Here, a static design for the load case "fire" is carried out on the basis of the available documents and information on the component, if necessary in combination with a local inventory. For this service we have our own in-house structural analysts.
- Taking samples of building materials and evaluating the contamination damage after a fire incident
In addition to the obvious mechanical damage, a fire incident can also cause consequential damage due to penetrating corrosive substances, such as penetrating chlorides from burning PVC. Our appropriately equipped personnel have the qualifications required for taking appropriate samples on site (including expertise for safety and health at work in contaminated areas according to DGUV rule 101-004, annex 6A (former BGR 128); expertise for the remediation of building pollutants according to DGUV rule 101-004, annex 6B (former BGR 128)). The samples taken can be examined accordingly in our own laboratory and then evaluated by engineers.